Stomach cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer among both men and women, worldwide. Stomach cancer is cancer that develops in the inner lining of the stomach. These cells grow and develop into a tumor. Stomach cancer is also called gastric cancer. Cancer in the stomach grows slowly, for many years. If the symptoms of this disease are identified, appropriate treatment can be given to the patient.
According to the National Cancer Institute (NCI), there are more than 20,000 new cases of cancer detected each year. The development of stomach cancer is rare when compared to other types of cancer and it is also difficult to diagnose the disease. As stomach cancer do not show any early signs of cancer, the disease goes unnoticed and is detected only at a later stage when the condition becomes very serious.
The different types of stomach cancer are:
Adenocarcinoma is the most common cancer among all the other types of stomach cancer. It is developed within the cells present in the innermost lining of the stomach.
Every individual is different from the other and therefore the signs and symptoms may also vary from person to person. Not all, experience the same signs and symptoms. However, these are a few common symptoms observed in a person suffering from stomach cancer.
Stomach cancer develops when the normal, healthy cells become cancerous and grow out of control, forming a tumor. This process takes place slowly and the signs and symptoms are usually observed at a later or an advanced stage of cancer.
The factors that increase the risk of developing cancer are:
The following are the various diagnostic tests performed in a person suffering from stomach cancer.
The gastroscopic examination is performed by the doctor to examine the inner part of the patient’s stomach with the help of a fiber optic camera. This examination is done to check for any changes or abnormalities in the stomach.
Once the diagnosis confirms the presence of a tumor in the stomach, one or more of the following treatments are performed.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that uses drugs to stop the spread of cancer to other parts of the body and also kills the cancer-causing cells. This medications travel through the body and kills the cancerous cells in the body. These drugs are called cytotoxic medicines.
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