The Vascular system is another name for the body's circulatory system, enabling blood to circulate throughout the body and transport oxygen, carbon dioxide, waste, and nutrients to and from cells and tissues. Vascular surgery involves treating and performing surgeries on the arteries and veins in most areas of the body except the heart and brain. Vascular surgeons may operate on many parts of the body including the arms and legs. Vascular surgery includes procedures performed on the aorta, carotid arteries, iliac, femoral, and tibial arteries. The surgery also involves operations on veins, particularly in the case of varicose veins or dialysis access surgery.
The typical work of a vascular surgeon involves restoring blood flow after the blood vessels are damaged due to trauma, disease or other issues. They may have to do this through a bypass procedure, or an AV shunt in the case of dialysis. In the case of clogging in the carotid arteries, a carotid endarterectomy is performed in order to supply more blood to the brain.
Common Symptoms of vascular issues caused by blood clots:
- Superficial vein enlargement
- Skin is inflamed or swollen and warm
- Discoloration of the skin
Factors that increase the chances of vascular disease include:
- Trauma due to disease or injury
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High cholesterol
The recovery time for each surgery varies depending on many factors including time in I.C.U.
A healthy lifestyle is the best way forward after vascular surgery. Abstain from smoking, eat low fat food, eat food with plenty of vitamins, minerals, and fibers, maintain a healthy BMI, and control issues such as hypertension, diabetes and blood pressure
Risks are part and parcel of a surgery, particularly an invasive one. Operations that involve vessels that carry blood to and from the cells and the heart have higher chance of complications. Smokers, people with high blood pressure, chronic lung or kidney diseases are even more susceptible to issues that may arise during the surgery. Other risks of vascular surgery include:
- Failed grafts
- Heart attack
- Swelling of the vein area
- Possibility of mental decline